Immigration problem and its impact on Lithuania and its economy

Immigration problem and its impact on Lithuania and its economy.

However, only at the end of XIX and beggining of XX cetury increased number of emigrants led to the lithuanians to become applicable to the nation of emigrants name. Economic conditions (excess labor, weak industrial development) stimulated migration of population to stronger industrial cities and regions, particularly Latvia and other Russian provinces. 1897. various provinces of the Russian Empire, lived about 300 thousand emigrants from Lithuania, 1897-1914 m. still about 74 thousand lithuanians went to the cities of the Russian Empire.

In 1918-1940. Lithuania withdrew from over 100 thousand. the population. Although the number of emigrants significantly decreased (compared with the pre-war period), according to the scale of emigration Lithuania was still among the leaders in comparison with other European countries. Lithuania was independent emigration remained the economic, political emigration was low. There were changes in the emigration countries - US immigration quotas imposed on the leading country lost as the main Lithuanian emigrants to the exposure. Expat roads turned to Canada and South America (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay), part of the (mostly Jewish) emigrated to Palestine and South Africa.

political refugees fled from Lithuania at the end of the Second World War.

The Second World War interrupted Lithuania formed links with the diaspora. At the end of the war over 60 thousand political refugees, who escaped to the West, left Lithuania. This wave of emigration was different than the previous. It was a massive political emigration, determined by political reasons. The withdrawal was spontaneous, unplanned, unorganized. Once in refugee camps and refused to return to the Communist controlled homeland they were forced political emigrants. The separation between the social status of the new emigrants: most of it was the intellectuals, educated people occupying high positions in Lithuania, famous politicians, artists, scientists.

In 1948-1950 lithuanians from german DP camps spread throughout the world: a small part of the Lithuanian remained in Europe (UK, Germany, Austria), the majority of lithuanian wave settled in the United States (about 30 thousand.) and the rest - Canada, Australia, South America.

Finally when Lithuania regained its independence, rose the fourth wave of emigrants. As in the past, most of the variety of approaches to get to America, but the new emigrants in other countries. Some people are looking for relatives, others - to earn more money and a better life. You could say that this is also the economic immigrants, arrived and dispersed throughout the major cities in America, Canada, Australia, England and other European countries. This wave of emigration has been going on for a decade, and no one knows when it will abate in. As well as new and unknown alien number, but we assume that it is more than two hundred thousand.

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Immigration problem and its impact on Lithuania and its economy. (December 5, 2015). Reviewed on 04:20, September 19 2021